Whilst climate change is no more a future occurrence, finding sustainable alternative ways to curb it becomes all the more imperative for nations across the globe. The effect of climate change is evident enough now. On one side, natural resources are getting exhausted, and on the other side, pollution is increasing rapidly. Considering this rapid change, India is delving its way deep into renewable energy expansion like never before Bio-CNG is gaining momentum and becoming a green alternative to curb climate change.
Government initiatives to encourage renewable energy expansion
Boosting green technology in promoting the agriculture field is, at present, the primary target of the Indian government. Under the umbrella of bioenergy schemes, the government is encouraging the adoption of green alternatives like Bio-CNG by providing subsidies and bringing in private enterprises to play a crucial role in supporting renewable energy expansion in the country. While the government’s SATAT (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) programme aims at promoting compressed biogas as a green alternative transportation fuel, the GOBAR-DHAN (Galvanising Organic Bio-Agro Resources) scheme is the second type of subsidy scheme launched to convert farm waste into CBG (Compressed Bio Gas). Under the government policy of SATAT, more than 500 Letters of Intent have been issued already to establish Bio-CNG plants across the nation.
How CBG-based vehicles will help in curbing climate change?
The emission of greenhouse gases from vehicles accounts for about 27% of air pollution. The data clearly indicates that vehicles are becoming major contributors to the increased pollution. That’s the reason behind the push to find an alternative fuel that does not harm the environment. While India is finding this alternative, in CBG-based vehicles, it is expected that these vehicles will be able to resolve the serious implications of deteriorating air quality index. To counter the problem of air pollution, there is a need of deploying enough infrastructure for the manufacturing, distribution and retailing of CBG. Moreover, this CBG is produced from the result of waste resources present within India, and the dependency on expensive export of fuels will minimise swiftly.
Renewable gas revolution in India
The primary objective of the initiatives advocating the renewable gas revolution in India is to address the problems of waste generation, severely polluted air, stubble burning, etc. The Indian government is highly focused on moving towards a gas-based economy. Doing so will require less dependence on the import of natural gases, addressing the problem of rural unemployment and increasing access to sustainable solutions.
In recent years, the government of India is actively taking effective measures towards a clean and green environment by drawing major policy decisions and incentivising green fuels. While partnering with private players in the industry, the government is establishing waste processing plants (more than 5000) across the country intending to produce 15 MMT of home-grown Bio-CNG called CBG and 50 MMT of organic manure per year. Even global pioneers of the industry are now looking for opportunities in India to invest in CBG production. On the other hand, organic manure that is produced from these plants has been covered under FCO (Fertilizer Control Order) to enable the promotion and sale of these organic fertilizers among the masses.
Converting agricultural or organic waste from MSW into Compressed Biogas is the apt solution for the country to counter myriad climate change problems. Although it’s a long way to go and the journey has just started, planning to build infrastructure for homegrown Bio-CNG or CBG is one of the strongest measures that can be taken to emerge as the hero of the renewable energy arena.
Views expressed above are the author’s own.
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